Explosive (severe) diarrhea in adults: Causes, complications, and treatment tips
Jan 15, · Causes of explosive diarrhea can include viral infections, bacterial infections, and food allergies. The viruses most often responsible for diarrhea include norovirus, rotavirus, or any number of. The most common cause of diarrhea is a virus that infects your bowel (“viral gastroenteritis ”). The infection usually lasts a couple of days and is sometimes called “intestinal flu.” Other possible causes of diarrhea can include.
Explosive or severe diarrhea is not an everyday occurrence, so knowing what to what is cortisol used for in the body when it occurs is helpful. In a regular stool, three-quarters are water and the remaining quarter is made up of undigested carbs, fiber, protein, fat, mucus, and intestinal secretions. In regular diarrhea, bowel movements have a more liquid consistency and are usually more frequent.
In cases of explosive severe diarrhea, the bowel contractions are stronger and more forceful, meaning your rectum is filled beyond its capacity.
This type of diarrhea is often accompanied by increased gas activity, which increases the ejection and makes the excretion loud. Depending on the cause of explosive diarrhea, you may also experience abdominal distention, cramps, pain, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, or excessive sweating. Severe diarrhea often occurs as an acute episode of chronic diarrhea, but it can be caused by one of the factors below.
Infectious diarrhea: This is a viral condition more commonly known as the stomach flu. Patients may also experience nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, and a fever. Viral gastrointestinal conditions usually affect people living in close quarters, such as how to make an origami bowl and nursing homes as well as cruise ship diarghea and school students.
Severe diarrhea can also be brought about by bacterial infections, which are usually triggered by salmonella and E. Food poisoning: When you consume food that contains bacterial toxins, the lining of your bowels gets irritated.
Diarrhea is usually the final symptom of food poisoning, preceded by pain, nausea, and severe vomiting. In the case of food poisoning, you can actually avoid diarrhea if all of the contaminated food is expelled before reaching the intestines.
Drugs: Laxatives, antacids containing magnesium, drugs with compounds that act on the bowels, heartburn, and acid reflux medications, chemotherapy what can cause severe diarrhea, and even antibiotics can wreak havoc on your digestion and cause severe diarrhea. Malabsorption: This is usually a chronic condition and is mainly associated with food sensitivities such as lactose or gluten intolerance, or sorbitol and fructose malabsorption.
The compound in question cannot be fully absorbed by your digestive system, leading to explosive diarrhea. You may also have trouble absorbing certain compounds due to structural abnormalities of the bowel, a lack of certain digestive enzymes, or the effects of medication. Other less common causes of severe diarrhea include inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome, ulcerative colitis, and overconsumption of irritating foods.
While diarrhea is a common condition that everybody experiences once in a while, certain groups of people caj more likely to suffer from diarrhea than others. These are visitors to developing countries, people on medications that may cause diarrhea such as antibiotics and heartburn drugsbowel disease patients, and children and adults exposed to feces. Explosive diarrhea may be unpleasant, wbat, and even painful, but it is usually short-lived.
Nevertheless, in some cases, it may lead to complications that require medical attention. Dehydration: Due to insufficient absorption of liquid in the large intestine, you lose a lot of fluids in your stool. Children, elderly, and people with compromised immune systems are particularly susceptible to the dehydrating effects of diarrhea. Medical testing may be required for the diagnosis of the cause. Hemolytic uremic syndrome: This is a rare complication of an infection caused by E.
If not treated properly, it may lead to kidney failure. Even severe diarrhea usually resolves itself in a few days without medical wha. The following scenarios should definitely prompt you to seek medical help:. As mentioned, unless your diarrhea becomes aggravated and diarhrea medical attention, your condition will resolve on its own.
There are, however, a few things you can do to make your experience more bearable and speed up the recovery process. Over-the-counter anti-diarrheal drugs can reduce the severity of diarrhea for some time. It may be a good idea to consult with your doctor prior to use if your diarrhea is caused by infections or toxins, if you have a fever, or if your stool is black or bloody.
If your diarrhea is caused by bacteria, you have to take prescription antibiotics. To address dehydration and loss of electrolytes caused by diarrhea, you can take oral rehydration diqrrhea and drink more water, juice, or broth. A good example is a menu consisting of mashed bananas, rice, grated apple or applesauce, and plain toast.
Wash your hands with soap and warm water before handling food and eating, after using the toilet, and after changing a diaper. When traveling to developing regions, drink bottled water and use it for brushing your teeth. Peel raw fruit and vegetables before eating them as well. If you hwat up with explosive diarrhea, keep drinking fluids to stay hydrated.
Avoid sugar-loaded juices, caffeinated and carbonated drinks, dairy, as well greasy, sweet, cuse fiber-rich foods. Stick to a bland diet based on starchy foods and soups. Eat some yogurt to help repopulate your intestine with good bacteria. With proper care and patience, you can safely recover from explosive diarrhea within a day or two.
Related: Bland diet for gastritis, ulcers, diarrhea, and reflux disease.
What are the symptoms of dehydration and malabsorption?
Mar 15, · What causes explosive diarrhea in adults Severe diarrhea often occurs as an acute episode of chronic diarrhea, but it can be caused by one of the factors below. Infectious diarrhea: This is Author: Devon Andre.
Going to the bathroom, having a bowel movement, pooping — no matter what you call it, stool is a regular part of your life. However, sometimes this process of getting waste out of your body changes.
This is a very common condition and usually resolves without intervention. Diarrhea can happen for a wide variety of reasons and it usually goes away on its own in one to three days. When you have diarrhea, you may need to quickly run to the bathroom with urgency and this may happen more frequently than normal. You may also feel bloated, have lower abdominal cramping and sometimes experience nausea.
Although most cases of diarrhea are self-limited happening for a fixed amount of time and steady level of severity , sometimes diarrhea can lead to serious complications. When you have diarrhea, you lose water and electrolytes along with stool.
Dehydration can become serious if it fails to resolve get better , worsens and is not addressed adequately. Anyone can get diarrhea. In general, diarrhea is self-limited and goes away resolves without intervention. If your diarrhea fails to improve and resolve completely, you can be at risk of complications dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, kidney failure and organ damage.
Call your healthcare provider if you have diarrhea that fails to get better or go away, or if you experience symptoms of dehydration. These symptoms can include:. The cause of most self-limited diarrhea is generally not identified. Most antibiotics clindamycin, erythromycins and broad spectrum antibiotics can cause diarrhea. Antibiotics can change the balance of bacteria normally found in the intestines, allowing certain types of bacteria like C.
When this happens, your colon can become overrun by bad pathologic bacteria that causes colitis inflammation of your colon lining. If you experience this side effect, call your healthcare provider to talk about the diarrhea and discuss the best option to relieve this side effect.
When you have diarrhea, you may experience all of these symptoms or only a few. The main symptom of diarrhea is loose or watery stool. Severe diarrhea can lead to significant complications. If you have these symptoms, call your healthcare provider and seek medical attention. The color of your poop stool can vary.
Stool color can be influenced by the color of the food you eat. But if you ever see red blood in your stool or have a bowel movement that is black, that could be something more serious. Keep a record of any bowel movements that:. These cases are self-limited only lasts for a fixed amount of time and get better without medical intervention. The key to mild diarrhea is supportive therapy — staying hydrated and eating a bland diet.
More serious cases of diarrhea may require medical attention. In these situations, there are a few diagnostic tests that your provider may order. These tests can include:. In most cases, you can treat mild and uncomplicated diarrhea at home. A general rule is not to use over-the-counter medications for diarrhea if you also have a fever or blood in your stool.
In those cases, call your healthcare provider. When diarrhea lasts for a long period of time several weeks , your healthcare provider will base your treatment on the cause. This could involve a few different treatment options, including:. The rules for managing diarrhea in an adult are different than in children. When you have an acute case of diarrhea, you can often take care of it without needing any medication. Several things you can do to care for diarrhea include:.
Sometimes, diarrhea can also make you lactose intolerant. This is usually temporary and it means that you need to avoid items with lactose dairy products until your diarrhea is gone. You actually can help your diarrhea by changing your diet. Certain low-fiber foods can help make your stool more solid. If your child has severe diarrhea, call your healthcare provider.
Young children are at a higher risk of dehydration than adults. Over-the-counter medications can be dangerous in young children and all treatments of diarrhea in children should be guided by their healthcare provider. Your provider will help you determine the best way to do this, but options often include:. The best option to keep your child hydrated might change as the child ages. Always check with your provider before giving your child a new liquid or treatment of any kind. In extreme cases of diarrhea, you can become very dehydrated and this can lead to serious complications.
Dehydration is one of the most dangerous side effects of diarrhea. In the very young infants and small children and the very old, this can have serious consequences. This allows your body to replace the fluid and electrolytes that are lost with the diarrhea.
In some parts of the world, diarrhea is a life-threatening condition because of dehydration and electrolyte loss. If you have diarrhea that fails to improve or resolve completely, you should call your healthcare provider.
Keep track of any other symptoms you may be experiencing — this includes fever, vomiting, rash, weakness, numbness, lightheadedness, dizziness, weight loss and blood in your stool. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Diarrhea Diarrhea is very common, happening in most people a few times each year.
When you have diarrhea, your stool will be loose and watery. In most cases, the cause is unknown and it goes away on its own after a few days.
Diarrhea can be caused by bacteria. Dehydration is a dangerous side effect of diarrhea. There are actually several different ways to classify diarrhea. These types of diarrhea include: Acute diarrhea : The most common, acute diarrhea is loose watery diarrhea that lasts one to two days. Persistent diarrhea : This type of diarrhea generally persists for several weeks — two to four weeks Chronic diarrhea : Diarrhea that lasts for more than four weeks or comes and goes regularly over a long period of time is called chronic diarrhea.
Who can get diarrhea? However, diarrhea can be serious in certain groups of people, including: Young children. Older adults the elderly. Those with medical conditions. For each of these people, diarrhea can cause other health problems. Can diarrhea harm your health? These symptoms can include: Dark urine and small amounts of urine or loss of urine production.
Rapid heart rate. Flushed, dry skin. Irritability and confusion. Light-headedness and dizziness. Severe nausea and vomiting, the inability to tolerate or keep anything down by mouth. Symptoms and Causes What causes diarrhea? Infections by other organisms and pre-formed toxins Eating foods that upset the digestive system.
Allergies and intolerances to certain foods Celiac disease or lactose intolerance. Radiation therapy. Malabsorption of food poor absorption. Can antibiotics cause diarrhea? What are the symptoms of diarrhea? Other symptoms of mild diarrhea can include: Bloating or cramps in the abdomen. A strong and urgent need to have a bowel movement. Nausea upset stomach. If you have severe diarrhea, you may experience symptoms like: Fever. Weight loss. Severe pain. Diagnosis and Tests Is there a color of diarrhea that I should be worried about?
Keep a record of any bowel movements that: Are black and tarry. Have blood or pus in them. Are consistently greasy or oily despite non-fatty meals. Are very foul-smelling. How do you diagnose diarrhea?