Copper vs. PEX and Push-Fit SharkBite Comparison
Below is a list of the most important considerations to keep in mind when shopping for the best PEX crimp tools to make watertight joints. Crimps vs. Clamps When learning about PEX tools, a key. Use the crimp ring with SharkBite PEX crimping tools or Copper crimp rings and the heavy duty PEX Crimp tool do not require calibration and allows each joint to be checked with a go/no-go gauge Preferred by the pro: SharkBite products meet the same standards for commercial and residential plumbing applications.
Plumbing has long gow out of reach, or how to crimp pex joints least difficult, for the average do-it-yourself homeowner. What is the bronchi function on a plumbing remodel or repair would have meant using galvanized pipe or copper pipe and fittings for water supply systems—both difficult.
Then PEX and related fittings came along, and it all changed. Galvanized pipe requires the user to learn complicated connection techniques. Using copper means mastering the delicate art of sweating copper fittings the various connection points of elbows and tees that join copper pipes with a torch and solder. Even though both are learnable skills, many novice plumbers would balk at this point, preferring the competent but expensive work of a professional plumber.
With PEX plastic pipes and push-fit type or crimp-ring fittings, plumbing is within reach of the amateur plumber.
Not only plumbing supply stores but local home centers are well stocked with colorful PEX piping and all of that gleaming copper pipe. Which should you use? Is traditional copper pipe still better than Jointz and its easy-to-use fittings?
Copper pipe and fittings are in millions of homes and are still used today. Even with the advent of PEX, criimp professional plumbers still prefer to use copper pipe. About two-thirds more expensive than PEX, copper pipe is readily available at all home tl and hardware stores. Copper's higher cost is mainly how to hack a gmail password for free online to the price of bulk copper.
One of copper pipe's strong points is its predictability. Since copper pipe has been so widely used for so long, its durability and lifespan—plus its propensity for developing pinhole leaks —are known quantities. PEX is the shortened name for cross-linked polyethylenea super-strong, semi-rigid plastic tubing.
For convenience, PEX comes in red for hot, blue for cold, and white for any temperature. These colors are only crikp aid in installing the product and in subsequent repairs; they do not confer any temperature-related qualities on the pipe. PEX pipe can make tight bends without being heated. It crmp handle high pressure and high temperature. One form of fitting is as simple to use as pressing the pipe into the fitting.
Another type of fitting is more difficult but not nearly as difficult as cri,p joints onto copper pipe. This second method uses copper rings crimped over the pipe and the fitting with a special tool. Push-fit or stab-in plumbing fittings are a popular type of PEX and copper fitting; SharkBite is a popular brand name of push-fit fittings. With a what is the tribulation period in revelation of effort, the pipe pushes into the fitting and is held in place by tiny teeth.
Push-fit fittings are the only connector that work either with copper pipe yow PEX pipe. Do-it-yourself home remodelers may wish to use PEX pipe over copper for most of their plumbing work.
PEX is easy to work with and has almost no learning hod. With copper, amateurs will find joints difficult to solder. Given the fact that most copper pipe corrosion occurs near joints, this is not an aspect of your ti that you want to get wrong.
Tto joints are nearly foolproof. PEX over copper is, for many amateur plumbers, a foregone conclusion. If your working space is tight, push-fit fittings are easier to attach crim crimped or clamped barb connections, due to the space needed to operate the tool. If you are nervous about making tight connections, push-fit fittings will help—but they are not necessarily foolproof.
Getting the PEX or copper stabbed into the fitting can be difficult. Surprisingly, PEX can be harder to stab in and remove than copper. The trick to ensuring a tight, long-lasting joint for push-fit fittings on either copper or PEX pipe:. Actively scan device characteristics for ceimp.
Use precise geolocation jointss. Select personalised content. Create a personalised content profile. Measure ad performance. Select basic ads. Create a personalised ads profile. Select personalised ads. Apply market research to generate audience insights. Measure content performance. Develop and improve products. List of Partners vendors. In This Article Expand. Copper vs. How They Work. Copper Basics. PEX Basics. PEX Over Copper. Tight Joints.
Read More. Your Privacy Rights. To change or withdraw your consent choices for TheSpruce. At any pwx, you can update your settings through the "EU Privacy" link at the bottom of any page. These choices will be signaled globally to our partners and will not affect browsing data.
We and our partners process data to: Actively scan device characteristics for identification. I Accept Show Purposes.
The crimp tools supplied with the NIBCO® PEX system are high quality instruments designed for heavy-duty use. However, normal use If several consecutive joints fail the go /no-go gauge, then the tool may be out of adjustment. During normal wear conditions, the crimp tool’s crimp diameter tends to increase. The PEX fittings also have three ribs on the insert portion of the fitting. Zurn PEX copper crimp rings are identified by the letters “Q” and “PEX” or “Z” and “PEX” stamped on the outside of the ring. Zurn PEX crimp rings are colored black for easy identification. Zurn PEX QickClamp® fittings are . A gauge is often provided, so you know if the crimp ring is compressed onto the fitting. Visually inspect to see that all the joints have clamps or crimp rings on all sides of the fittings because forgetting to tighten a clamp or leaving one side of the fitting with a crimp ring missing is a common mistake.
Instead of using expensive copper piping, torches, and solder, you can create watertight joints in these plastic pipes with crimps and clamps—joints that are fast, easy, and affordable. These crimps and clamps do require special tools , however. PEX is a flexible tubing that can transport fresh water, hot water, radiant heating, and even sprinkler-system water, making it very popular in residential applications. These plastic pipes all work the same way, and most of the same joints will apply for all three types, but their makeup and characteristics vary.
Those designations just imply the manufacturing process used to create the pipe. For one, even though it comes in rolled coils, PEX A will hold its new shape when straightened, making it easier to install through wall cavities and floors. However, PEX A does have the potential to leach more production-related chemicals, like toluene and methyl tert-butyl ether MTBE , into the water supply.
Also, it has a lower bursting pressure than PEX B. PEX B has a higher bursting pressure than A, and chemical leaching from the pipe is considerably less likely. Below is a list of the most important considerations to keep in mind when shopping for the best PEX crimp tools to make watertight joints. When learning about PEX tools, a key point is that there are crimps and clamps. Crimps are copper rings that slide over a joint; the crimping tool squeezes the entire ring down onto the barbed fitting underneath.
Clamps are stainless steel bands with small pegs and locking holes. Clamping tools squeeze a knob until the peg lands in the appropriate hole, securing it on the barbed fitting inside the joint. Tools that can handle both crimps and clamps are rare, so choose one style before purchasing. When it comes to putting pressure on a crimp, length is better. Look for a crimping tool at least 11 inches in length. Since longer-handled tools can be slightly awkward, they might have more of a learning curve than shorter-handled ones.
Before picking a crimping or clamping tool, be sure to know what type of pipe it works for. While many types of clamping and crimping tools work for plumbing joints, not all of them work for PEX pipe. There are tools that work for both copper and PEX pipe, but they generally require additional jaws or fittings. It can get expensive quickly, but for those who do a lot of plumbing, it might be worth the investment.
Switching a fitting on a clamping tool takes less time than sweating a copper joint with flux and solder. Swapping between those sizes is usually pretty straightforward. Crimping tools typically have 1-inch jaws that can crimp 1-inch pipe, but their kits come with smaller jaws for tackling smaller pipes. To clamp those smaller pipes, simply open the 1-inch jaws and slip the necessary-size clamping jaws inside.
Clamping tools are often one-size-fits-all. They slide over the knob on the clamp and squeeze it, and those knobs are relatively universal in size. These gauges have U-shaped cutouts meant for specific pipe sizes.
To use a go-no-go gauge, slide it over the joint. Check it from several angles. The gauge should slip over the crimp about halfway before stopping. If it slides all the way over the crimp, or not at all, the joint may have problems when pressurized. Over time, clamping and crimping tools can fall out of perfect calibration. Applying pressure many times over the course of a plumbing project can stretch the jaws a bit, in which case dial them back in.
Most of the best PEX crimp and clamp tools have calibration gauges and adjustment screws, and they often come with the wrenches required to adjust them. Use these gauges to determine how far out of calibration the tool is, and tighten it back to the ideal setting.
Many of these tools have adjustments on both jaws, allowing for calibrating to a perfectly round result. The gauge can also determine if the jaws are overtightened, which can just as easily lead to a leak. Many of the best PEX clamp tools have removal functions for separating clamps from the pipe. However, the fitting underneath should be completely intact. To remove a clamp, switch the clamping tool to the cutting function.
Then remove the clamp. Removing crimps requires an entirely different tool with a blade for cutting through the copper crimps.
In this case, cut the joint out of the system, slide the cutting tool into the fitting, and squeeze the handles until the jaws cut through the copper crimp. A second cut on the other side of the crimp will separate it completely.
Though the risk of copper snapping and becoming airborne is minimal, safety goggles are recommended. Below are some of the best PEX crimp and clamp tools on the market.
Keep all of the important considerations in mind when comparing these products to ensure the best tool selection for a particular project. The IWISS crimper uses a high-leverage design that allows the user to apply enough pressure for a perfect seal despite its compact This PEX crimping kit is more than just an innovative tool.
Those who prefer to use clamps over crimps might want to consider adding this iCRIMP cinch tool to their tool belt. This clamp cincher works for any size PEX and needs no calibration. During usage, the iCRIMP holds the jaws in place, while the handles are opened to provide plenty of leverage. For a heavy-duty crimping tool that can tackle most PEX-tubing plumbing projects, choose this kit from Conbraco.
The jaws swap out with two hex bolts, which the included wrench also fits. The Conbraco tool provides plenty of leverage for sealing off plumbing joints, good for creating up to pounds of force. All of the components pack up nicely into the plastic carrying case, keeping everything secure and in one place between projects. One advantage that PEX fittings have over copper piping is that in-wall repairs are much easier and safer, but they can still be challenging to reach and crimp.
Here are some of the most frequently asked questions about PEX crimp tools and their corresponding answers. Take a look through this section for any additional information not covered above. It leaches far fewer chemicals and has a higher bursting pressure. The disadvantage is that it can be harder to work with. If the clamp is applied crookedly or unevenly, it will leak. PEX can run through floor joists, stud walls, or almost anywhere else that would normally hold plumbing according to local code.
PEX should not run directly to a water heater, but it can run to a copper riser 18 inches or more in length, coming directly from the water heater. PEX may be able to last more than years. Disclosure: BobVila. You agree that BobVila. All rights reserved. Expert advice from Bob Vila, the most trusted name in home improvement, home remodeling, home repair, and DIY.
Use one of these PEX crimp tools to seal the deal. By Tom Scalisi. Check Latest Price. More From Bob Vila. Newsletter signup: You agree that BobVila.